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Standardization is the key to the development of equipment manufacturing

Published: 2020-06-18 10:35:18 Browse: 96 times

"The style is natural and the standard is not fake". As a scale and criterion, standards are of great significance to the healthy development of the industry. The past practice has proved that the earlier, the more practical and the more precise the standards are, the more obvious the effect of scientific innovation will be, the more extensive the influence will be, and the more profound the significance will be. At present, China is fully deploying "made in China 2025", accelerating the transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing industry under the dream of a strong manufacturing country, and the construction of the standard system will become an important content for a long time in the future. Because those who get the standard get the world, who master the standard, who become the standard maker, who can have the right to speak in the competition.

Short board - big but not strong

During the 13th five year plan (2016-2020), the equipment manufacturing industry is the top priority for China to build a manufacturing power. When "made in China 2025" is determined to implement the "equipment innovation project", it is also proposed that by 2020, large aircraft, engine and gas turbine, intelligent green train, energy-saving and new energy vehicles, marine engineering equipment and high-tech ships, smart grid complete equipment, CNC machine bed, nuclear power equipment, diagnosis and treatment equipment and other fields should be independently developed and applied.

In addition to the policy emphasis, the performance of China's equipment manufacturing in recent years is remarkable. At present, most of China's equipment production ranks in the world, and at the same time, it has entered a new level of autonomy. Major breakthroughs have been made in manned and lunar exploration projects and Jiaolong manned deep submersibles. The layout of large transport aircraft and large airliners has been completed, and important progress has been made in research and development. Significant progress has been made in the development of emerging industries, and remarkable achievements have been made in the development of intelligent manufacturing equipment, marine engineering equipment, advanced rail transit equipment, new energy vehicles and other emerging industries. According to 2015 data, at present, the output value of China's equipment manufacturing industry accounts for more than 10% of the equipment manufacturing industry.

Even so, China's equipment manufacturing still bears the hat of "big but not strong", with weak independent innovation ability, backward basic manufacturing level, low-level repeated construction, and difficulties in promoting and applying independent innovative products. It is mainly reflected in four aspects:

1、 The ability of design and manufacturing technology is not strong. The main performance is the import dependence and export structure problems caused by the weak innovation ability, and the increase of industrial risk. The root of these problems lies in the weak ability of independent innovation, which seriously restricts the sustainable development of equipment manufacturing industry and the improvement of international competitiveness.

2、 The product structure is unreasonable. The production capacity of major technical equipment and high-tech products is in serious shortage, resulting in a large number of foreign mechanical and electrical products entering the domestic market.

3、 Industry overcapacity is prominent. The local government pursues development speed unilaterally and turns investment to equipment manufacturing industry one after another, which leads to overheated investment in some emerging industries, hidden excess capacity and increased risk of excessive competition.


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